Many people know that they should check their teeth before pregnancy, because it is easy to induce oral diseases during pregnancy. In the eyes of anorectal department, people who need to prepare for pregnancy should check their anorectal diseases. It is generally recommended that the check should be carried out 3-6 months before pregnancy. The woman's pre pregnancy check should be carried out within 3-7 days after her menstruation is clean. Pay attention to avoid having the same room before the check.During pregnancy, the pelvic pressure increases, and then oppresses the intestines, which is easy to cause anorectal diseases. The condition of expectant mothers with symptoms will worsen. It is very troublesome that they can't use drugs and surgery casually after pregnancy. If they do some anorectal examination before pregnancy, these troubles can also be avoided.Pregnancy is prone to these anorectal diseasesPregnant women are prone to anorectal diseases such as constipation, hemorrhoids and anal fissure. There is a folk saying of "ten women and nine hemorrhoids". Because there is no anorectal disease screening in routine pre pregnancy examination, many expectant mothers will ignore this examination.1. ConstipationDuring pregnancy, progesterone will relax gastrointestinal smooth muscle and slow intestinal peristalsis; The uterus increases, the pelvic pressure increases, and then compresses the intestinal canal, resulting in defecation disorder. Feces are more likely to stay in the intestinal cavity, and the water in the stool is absorbed in a large amount, so it is easy to have constipation. When defecating, dry stool damages the rectal mucosa and anal canal skin, resulting in anal pain and bleeding; Because of anal pain, it causes fear of defecation, which makes constipation more and more serious; In addition, women often lack Yin blood during pregnancy, which is easy to produce internal fire and constipation. In addition, the amount of activity during pregnancy is small, the diet is partial to meat food, and the intake of vegetables and fruits is reduced, resulting in slow gastrointestinal peristalsis and increasing the incidence of constipation.2. HemorrhoidsOn the one hand, * progesterone level is elevated, resulting in water and sodium retention and vasodilation. Hormones such as progesterone and relaxin relax the pelvic floor and anal canal supporting tissue, which will aggravate the downward movement of anal pad. On the other hand, during pregnancy, in order to ensure the nutritional supply of the fetus, the blood flow of the pelvic artery of the pregnant woman increases; With the development of the fetus, the uterus increases day by day, which will compress the pelvic cavity and hinder the blood reflux in the hemorrhoid vessels; Moreover, many pregnant women have a small amount of activity, slow gastrointestinal peristalsis and easy constipation. The mass of feces oppresses the veins of the intestinal wall, making the venous reflux more blocked. In addition, the need for force during defecation increases the abdominal pressure, leads to the expansion of hemorrhoid veins, and also promotes the formation of hemorrhoid nuclei. Due to the above reasons, pregnant women are not only prone to anal diseases such as hemorrhoids, but also the original mild lesions are easy to aggravate and cause acute attack. What's more, they can have internal hemorrhoids prolapse and incarceration, resulting in severe anal pain. In addition, the occurrence of hemorrhoids is also related to dietary structure. Therefore, it is known as "pregnancy in October, hemorrhoids must be obtained".Hemorrhoids will lead to difficult defecation and constipation, which in turn will promote the attack of hemorrhoids and lead to a vicious circle.3. Anal fissureThe reason why pregnant women are prone to anal fissure is not only caused by vaginal dilation and tear involving anus during delivery, but also mainly caused by constipation. When constipation, the stool is too dry and hard. It cannot be crushed when passing through, but it is deformed and circuitous. The intra-abdominal pressure continues to increase. If defecation is forced through, the anus will expand too much, the skin will crack, and the anus will bleed or ache.4. Anal fistulaAnal fistula is mainly an infectious disease. If anal fistula is not treated before pregnancy, it will easily relapse and cause perineal inflammation during pregnancy. Constipation and hemorrhoids during pregnancy will also increase the risk of anal fistula; Repeated rupture of anal fissure can also cause infection and subcutaneous fistula.

トップ   編集 凍結 差分 バックアップ 添付 複製 名前変更 リロード   新規 一覧 単語検索 最終更新   ヘルプ   最終更新のRSS
Last-modified: 2021-12-06 (月) 08:57:31 (45d)