After the official version of win8.1 has been pushed, many children's shoes must have been used. Next month will be the 28th anniversary of the advent of Microsoft Windows operating system. Let's review the 28 years from Microsoft WIN1 to win8.1. windows 1 - released on November 20, 1985 this is the first release of Microsoft Windows operating system. Its biggest impact is that it brings users from DOS command line operation to graphical interface operation, and introduces support for desktop multitasking. Microsoft is not the first company to provide graphical interface system, and the sales performance of windows 1.0 is not excellent, but the release of this product paves the way for the success of the company's follow-up works. when Windows 1.0 was released, its retail price was $99 (after inflation, it is equivalent to $216 today). A few basic application tools are built in the system, including clock, calculator, windows write and drawing tools. windows2 - released on December 9, 1987 two years after the first version of windows was released, Microsoft launched windows2.0 again. This version of the operating system began to allow users to "stack" one application on top of another, which was a major innovation at that time. In this case, the new system also allows users to create shortcuts for applications, and provides some new servicesSystem shortcut key combination. there are two different versions of windows 2.0, which are compatible with two different Intel processors. The system can handle multiple DOS applications at the same time, which is also compatible and supported by subsequent windows products. Windows3 - released on May 22, 1990 the third edition of windows brings new visual effects and introduces the concept of 3D for the first time. In addition, the card game, which is still very popular, also appeared in the system for the first time. Microsoft has made great changes to the system architecture in Windows 3.0, which solves the compatibility problems of supporting more memory and running on different types of processors. later, Microsoft released an update to windows 3.1, adding support for color screen saver and TrueType? vector font for the first time. Windows 3.1 is better than the first edition in running speed and stability. On this basis, Microsoft has added more network functions to the system, resulting in a new system Windows NT Series. WindowsNT - released on July 27, 1993 the first version of WindowsNT became famous as the industry's first operating system supporting 32-bit computing. The operating system supports several different types of Intel processors, can run multiple applications at the same time, and supports up to 2GB of virtual memory allocation. Microsoft promises windoWsnt provides better stability, and a single application will not cause the whole system to crash. Windows95 - released on August 24, 1995 Windows95 brought start key and taskbar for the first time, which later became the symbol of windows system. In addition, Windows 95 also introduced "Microsoft Network" for the first time, which was the initial tool to realize network connection in the early stage of the system. the release of Windows 95 is an unprecedented success. Consumers queued for hours to get a genuine copy of the system in the first place. Microsoft also provided unprecedented publicity for the release of the system - the company spent $300 million on advertising and invited the rolling stones to sing the theme song "start me up" for its activities. today's much criticized IE browser was first released one month after the advent of Windows 95, but the tool was a paid product and was packaged in the "Internet installation kit". It wasn't until ie 3.0 was released a year later that Microsoft officially integrated the browser into the system, which later led to a large-scale antitrust investigation and accusation against the company. Windows98 - released on June 25, 1998 Windows98 is the first operating system integrated with IE browser, so this version boasts to be a new era product for Internet popularization. Microsoft integrates file browser module with IE in the systemBrowser interface integration, and the first time to add fast shutdown options, and simplify the upgrade hardware driver, download system updates. Windows 98 even provides support for TV tuner, which makes it easy for users to watch TV programs on the computer installed with the device - a function that eventually became part of Microsoft's WebTV service. the next year, Microsoft released the second version of Windows 98 se, which includes a new version of IE browser and enhanced built-in tools. Windows2000 / windowsme - released on February 17 and September 14, 2000 respectively the original system code of Windows2000 is nt 5.0, which is the fifth version of NT kernel system. Microsoft promises that the system will run faster than previous versions. Windows 2000 is mainly for large organizations or companies. Windows Millennium Edition (me) was launched a few months after the launch of Windows 2000. It is a transitional operating system (the last non NT kernel windows system) with home network function and new digital media editing function. Microsoft also promises that windows me will bring faster running speed, but in practical applications, the running speed of programs is often slower than that of Windows 98. so it's only one yearAfter that, Microsoft quickly released the classic Windows XP operating system. WindowsXP - released on October 25, 2001 the visual interface of WindowsXP has a subversive change compared with the earlier version of windows, although its core functions are still basically consistent with those of its predecessors. Windows XP is Microsoft's operating system that emphasizes networking services. at the beginning of the release, the performance of Windows XP was not good, and the main reason was that the system had high requirements for hardware at that time. But in the end, the system gained market recognition and became Microsoft's longest lived windows product. WindowsVista? - released on January 30, 2007 the main improvement of WindowsVista? is to optimize the visual effects of Windows XP and a small number of system core functions. Microsoft introduced "Aero" translucent visual effect, UAC system security mechanism and enhanced start menu search on the system for the first time. At the same time, Microsoft has improved some built-in applications, including email, calendar, DVD Maker and photo library. UAC security mechanism makes many old windows users feel extremely uncomfortable, and the new system has strict requirements on computer hardware, so the popularization process of Vista is very slow. Many users also questioned the stability and compatibility of the system, which led to Microsoft's success in VIOne year after the official launch of STA, it was forced to reduce its price by 50% due to poor sales. windows7 - released on October 22, 2009 based on the previous generation of products, windows7 optimizes the interface more and improves the problems raised by users on Windows Vista. in terms of visual effect, Windows 7 introduces the tag function on the taskbar for the first time, that is, users can pin an application to the taskbar, and preview the operation of the application in the inactive state by hanging the mouse. when Windows vista was released, many enterprises indicated that they would skip the system and choose to upgrade Windows 7 directly. Therefore, the latter's sales performance and penetration rate are significantly better than the former. windows8 - released on October 26, 2012 the initial design of windows8 was to cope with the increasing popularity of touch screen control. Therefore, Microsoft overturned windows's consistent interface and operating habits, and launched for the first time the "Metro" start interface style. in the new system, built-in applications such as photos, videos, e-mail and music are optimized for touch screen control, and an online shopping mall for application download is specially added for Windows 8. Windows 8 does not give up the compatibility and consideration of traditional windows applications and user habits. Standard Version winDows8 retains the traditional desktop similar to Windows 7. Except for the lack of "start key", the desktop is no different from Windows 7 in appearance and use. in order to take into account the low-power tablet market, Microsoft has specially developed the Windows 8 RT operating system which supports arm architecture chip. The interface and operation of the system is the same as that of the standard version of Windows 8, but the traditional windows applications cannot be installed in the operating system. windows8.1 - released on October 17, 2013 the release of windows8.1 aims to quell users' complaints about the lack of "start button" and the option of directly starting to enter the system desktop. The system is a small-scale upgrade for Windows 8. In addition to the above "start button" and the choice of directly entering the desktop, it also adds the native support of SkyDrive? cloud storage service, 3D printing support, new Xbox music application and improved multi screen display. windows8.2/9? will Microsoft follow windows8.1 to launch a more substantial system update, or jump directly to the next generation of Windows9 operating system? for this problem, ZDNet columnist Mary Jo Foley said that the latter would be more possible. as early as early 2015, Microsoft will release a new operating system. The system will integrate desktop windows and mobile Windows Phone, which will greatly simplify and unify the experience of windows system.

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Last-modified: 2021-06-12 (土) 15:23:56 (173d)